Germany is considered one of the world's top producers of elegant white wines. As the northernmost country of fine wines of the world, Germany's cooler climate is responsible for wines with bright fruit, clarity, intensity, and high acidity. Wines are known for their dynamic energy and tension between acidity and fruit. The most critical white wines are Riesling, Gewürztraminer, Müller-Thurgau, Rieslaner, Ruländer (Pinot Gris), Scheurebe, Sekt, Silvaner, and Weissburgunder (Pinot Blanc). The most famous red grapes are Spätburgunder (Pinot Noir), Dorndelder, and Blauer Portugieser.

Famous German wineries are Weingut Keller, Egon Muller, Joh. Jos. Prum, Peter Lauer, and Weingut Dr. Burklin-Wolf.