Located in the southwest of Europe, Spain has almost 1.2 million hectares of vineyards, which makes it the country with the largest cultivated area of vineyards in the world. Winemaking in Spain has withstood ups and down throughout the years to be what is now one of the most important economic activities in this region.
Native varieties of Spanish grapes are abundant, with more than 600 native grape varieties planted throughout the country, although approximately 80% of the wine produced nationally is made with about 20 of these varieties.
Some of the most internationally known wine regions are Rioja, Ribera del Duero, famous for its Tempranillo production; the Marco de Jerez, for its fortified wines; Rías Baixas, for its white Albariño wines; Penedés, for the production of cava; and Priorat.