This tiny country has been producing wine for 5,000 years, from the time of the Phoenicians, through the Greeks and Romans, who built the Temple of Bacchus, the god of wine, at Baalbek. Wine production stopped for more than 300 years during the Ottoman period, but the French took it up again in the early 20th century.
Currently, the vineyard plantation area has 27,000 hectares. About 300,000 hectoliters of the annual production are used to make wines, while the rest is sold in the market as table grapes. In the choice of grape varieties, the French have been taken as a reference, since Lebanon was under French rule between 1920 and 1964.
The predominant grape varieties are mainly Cinsault, Carignan and Mourvédre. In addition to the Cabernet Sauvignon, the Gamay, the Petit Verdot, the Merlot and the Syrah. For white varieties we find Sauvignon Blanc, Ugni Blanc, Semillón and Chardonnay. And local grapes like Merweh or Meroué.